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Uploading files

You can use rsync, scp or SFTP to upload and download files to / from your sites. All methods use SSH behind the scenes.

Tip: upload via staging

We recommend you upload to staging first, verify that the site looks alright and then push to live.

rsync

Rsync is the most efficient upload method as it only transfers differences between your computer and a remote destination. We recommend it over scp and SFTP.

Getting rsync

On macOS and Linux, rsync is most commonly pre-installed.

On Windows, we recommend you use Git Bash and download rsync as an additional package from the MSYS2 repositorymore info here.

Working with rsync

Let's upload an awesome-theme folder to site's wp-content/themes. First, add this to your ~/.ssh/config file:

Host mysite
    HostName ssh-staging.versionpress.com
    User ih6n2tu9
    Port 30860

All the values come from the SSH tab in the portal.

You can now upload the awesome-theme folder, referring to the remote destination just as "mysite":

rsync -azv awesome-theme mysite:/var/www/html/wp-content/themes/

If you want to skip the ~/.ssh/config step, the raw command would look like this:

rsync -azv \
-e 'ssh -p 30860' \
awesome-theme \
ih6n2tu9@ssh-staging.versionpress.com:/var/www/html/wp-content/themes/

Careful about trailing slashes

Trailing slashes are generally significant for rsync. Uploading awesome-theme to /remote/path will create /remote/path/awesome-theme/style.css. Uploading awesome-theme/ would lead to /remote/path/style.css.

You can use -n / --dry-run (typically in a combination -azvn) to preview the sync.

Another useful option is --delete which removes files from remote that no longer exist locally, essentially mirroring the directory:

rsync -azv --delete awesome-theme mysite:/var/www/html/wp-content/themes

Useful resources

scp

scp ("secure copy") is another way to upload files from command line – simpler but not as efficient as rsync.

You would upload a theme like this:

scp -r awesome-theme mysite:/var/www/html/wp-content/themes

SFTP

Uploading via SFTP has several pros and cons:

Find connection info on the SFTP tab on your site:

image

If you have some SFTP app installed, you can even click the button in the portal and it should launch with the correct connection info.